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Statistics About The Quran

Statistics About The Quran The Quran is the word of Allaah, the Almighty, a miracle which was sent down to the Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, through the Angel of Revelation, Jibreel (Gabriel). The Quran was revealed in clear Arabic language to bring mankind out of the darkness of disbelief and polytheism, into the light of belief in the Oneness of Allaah and Islamic Monotheism. It guides people to the Straight Path. It is the Great Book through which Muslims worship Allaah by reciting it during prayers. Allaah Says (which means): {And truly, this (the Quran) is a revelation from the Lord of the 'Aalamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists), Which the trustworthy Ruh has brought down; Upon your heart (O Muhammad) that you may be (one) of the warners.}. The Quran is an eternal miracle and Allaah challenged all the Arabs to compose a book like it, or ten chapters or even one chapter, but they have failed to do so in spite of their rhetoric and eloquence. The challenge still exists not only for the Arabs, but for all mankind and Jinn until the end of time. The Revelation of the Quran The revelation of the Quran began on 17th Ramadhaan, 13 years before the migration of the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, to Madeenah. The Quran was not sent down to the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, all at one time. It was revealed to him over a period of 23 years until he died in 11 A.H. The period of revelation in Makkah was 13 years in which two thirds of the Quran were revealed, and the last third was revealed in Madeenah over a period of 10 years. The first verses revealed to the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, when he was worshipping Allaah in the Cave of Hiraa, were the following: Allaah Says (what means): {Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), Has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood). Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous, Who has taught (the writing) by the pen, Has taught man that which he knew not.}. Makkan and Madinian Quran The Makkan Quran are the parts of the Quran revealed to the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, before his migration from Makkah to Madeenah. There are 86 Makkan chapters. The Madinian Quran are the parts of the Quran revealed to the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, after his migration to Madeenah. There are 28 Madinian chapters. The Order of the Quranic Verses and Chapters This order was taken from the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, who, in turn, took it from Allaah through the Angel of Revelation, Jibreel (Gabriel). The first chapter in the Quran is Al- Faatihah which is chapter number 1 while the last chapter is An- Naas which is number 114. Thus, the total number of chapters in the Quran, is 114. The Categories of the Chapters of the Quran The chapters of the Quran are divided into four categories: Long Chapters : they are the seven longest chapters in the Quran : Al- Baqarah, Aal `Imraan, An-Nisaa', Al- Maa'idah, Al-An`aam, Al-A`raaf, and Al-Anfaal and At-Tawbah together. The hundreds : they are the chapters whose verses exceed one hundred or so. Al-Mathaani : they follow the hundreds as far as the number of verses are concerned. The separated chapters : They start from chapter Qaaf up to the end of the Quran. They were called the "separated chapters" because of the frequent separation between them using the Basmalah (saying: Bismillaah "In the Name of Allaah"). The Early Muslims and the Quran The first person who heard the Quran from the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, was his wife, Khadeejah, may Allaah be pleased with her. The first person to order the Muslims to compile the Quran into one book was the rightly-guided caliph, Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq, may Allaah be pleased with him, after consultation with `Umar Ibn Al- Khattaab, may Allaah be pleased with him. The first Muslim to compile the chapters of the Quran into one book was the revered companion, Zayd Ibn Thaabit,may Allaah be pleased with him, who was also one of the scribes of revelation. Once he finished this task, he delivered the Quran to Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq, may Allaah be pleased with him. After the death of Abu Bakr, the leader of the Believers `Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab, may Allaah be pleased with him, took it, and after `Umar's death, the Mother of the Believers, Hafsah, may Allaah be pleased with her, kept it. The first one to make several copies of the Quran and send them to different Islamic regions was the rightly-guided caliph `Uthmaan Ibn `Affaan, may Allaah be pleased with him. He copied them from the master copy that had been kept with the Mother of the Believers, Hafsah, may Allaah be pleased with her. The first Muslim to recite the Quran in public after the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, in Makkah was the revered companion `Abdullaah Ibn Mas'ood, may Allaah be pleased with him. The first one to place the dots on the letters of the Quran, was Abu Al- Aswad Ad-Dua'li, may Allaah be pleased with him. He made the Fathah sign (short vowel a) a dot above the letter, the Kasrah (short vowel ı) a dot below, and the Dhammah (short vowel u) a dot between the parts of the letter. The first one to replace the dots with diacritical marks was Al-Khaleel Ibn Ahmad Al-Faraahidi, may Allaah have mercy on him. The first people to dot the letters of the Quran (such as ب ، ج ، ق) were Nasr Ibn `Aasim, Yahya Ibn Ya`mur and `Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Hurmuz. This made it easy for the Arabs as well as the non-Arabs to recite the Quran. The Quran in Numbers The number of chapters that start with Basmalah, is 113. Only one chapter does not start with Basmalah and that is chapter At-Tawbah <9>. There are 30 parts (juz') in the Quran. A part is two sections (Hizb). There are 60 sections in the Quran. A section is divided into 4 quarters. There are 240 quarters in the Quran. There are 6,236 verses, 77,934 words, 323,670 letters, and approximately 1,015,030 dots in the Quran. There are many other statistics for the total number of verses, words, and letters in the Quran. The reason for the various statistics is the controversy between scholars is due to the difference in their definition of a word, a letter, or the beginning of verses. Some scholars took the Basmalah into consideration when they counted the letters and words, while others did not. The longest chapter in the Quran is chapter Al-Baqarah (the Cow) which is the second in the order of the Book. It contains 286 verses. The shortest chapter in the Quran is chapter Al-Kawthar which is number 108 in the order of the Book. It contains 3 verses. The longest verse in the Quran is the verse on debt, which is verse No. 282 in chapter Al-Baqarah. It contains 128 words and 540 letters. The shortest verse in the Quran is "حم". It is located at the beginning of chapters Ghaafir, Fussilat, Ash- Shooraa, Az-Zukhruf, Ad-Dukhaan, Al- Jaathiyah and Al-Ahqaaf. It is also said that the shortest verse in the Quran is "يس" which is located at the beginning of chapter Yaa Seen <36>. Some others hold the opinion that it is "طه", located at the beginning of chapter Taa Haa <20>. The longest word as far as writing and pronunciation are concerned is " فَأَسْقَيْنَاكُمُوهُ". It consists of 11 letters, and it is verse No. 22 of chapter Al-Hijr <15>. The best verse of the Quran is the "Kursi" verse, which is No. 255 in chapter Al-Baqarah <2>. There are 15 locations in the Quran at which we prostrate during recitation. There are two verses in the Quran each of which contains all the letters of the alphabet. They are verse No. 29 of chapter Al-Fath <48> and verse No. 154 of chapter Aal 'Imraan <3>. The number of pause signs in the Quran is six. They are م ، لا ، ج ، صلى، قلى ،.ׂ. .ׂ .)) The Name "Allaah" is mentioned in the Quran 980 times with a Raf` (a diacritical mark which signifies the nominative case), 592 times with a Fath (a diacritical mark which signifies the accusative case) and 1125 times with a Kasr (a diacritical mark which signifies the genitive case). In addition, it was mentioned in the Basmalah (the opening verse of every single chapter except chapter 9) 113 times. 25 Prophets and Messengers were mentioned in the Quran. They are Aadam (Adam), Idrees, Nooh (Noah), Hood (Hud), Saalih, Ibraaheem (Abraham), Luot, Shu`ayb, Ismaa'eel (Ishmael), Is-Haaq (Isaac), Ya'qoob (Jacob), Yoosuf (Joseph), Ayyoob (Job), Al- Yasa' (Elisha), Thul-Kifl, Elyaas (Elias), Yoonus (Jonah), Moosaa (Moses), Haaroon (Aaron), Daawood (David), Sulaymaan (Solomon), Zakariyyaa (Zechariah), Yahyaa (John), 'Eesaa (Jesus) and Mohammad, may Allaah exalt their mention. There are 6 chapters that have the names of Prophets. They are Yoonus (Jonah), Hood (Hud), Yoosuf (Joseph), Ibraaheem (Abraham), Muhammad, and Nooh (Noah). There are 29 chapters starting with letters such as (آلم- ق حم).

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