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The Belives of Muslims

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A MUSLIM BELIEVES IN SEVEN ARTICLES WHICH FORM THE BASIS OF HIS FAITH There is no object of worship besides Allh - the Almighty. Existence of angels Divine scripture Prophethood The Last Day Destiny Life After Death COMMENTARY THERE IS NO OBJECT OF WORSHIP BESIDES ALLH - THE ALMIGHTY Every family has a head, every school has a principal, every province has a premier, moreover we know that every product is the work of a certain producer. In the like manner there must be a Creator and Originator of life and the universe. There must be a Supreme Being who controls the movement of the sun and the moon, who causes life and death. Muslims believe that the Maker and Sustainer of the world is the Almighty, the Eternal and Compassionate. Evidence of His existence as stated in the Holy Qurn: "Behold! In the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the day and night, there are indeed signs for men of intellect." "Among His signs, is (that) He created you from dust and behold! You are men scattered (far and wide)." The Qurn further states: "Who is it that created the heavens and the earth, who sends rain down to you from the sky and with it He causes well planted orchards to grow - full of beauty and delight. It is not in your power to cause the growth of trees. (Can there be another ) deity besides Allh?" The Once of Allah The Holy Qurn states: "Say He Allh - the one and only. Allh the eternal and absolute. He begetteth not, nor is He begotten. (ie. He was not born from anybody nor has He any children) And there is none like unto Him." A MUSLIM BELIEVES THAT: The Almighty is one, who has no partner nor son. He has no beginning nor end. He is beyond human comprehension. He is without needs and thus independent and He alone is the originator of the entire creation. Whatever He has commanded us to do, it is for our own benefit and good. The Holy Qurn states: "The originator of the heavens and earth:- How can He have a son, when He has no spouse? He created all things and He has knowledge of all things". "That is Allh - your Lord There is no deity but He The Creator of all things Therefore worship Him......"

ANGELS The Almighty is beyond physical perception and beyond direct physical contact with man. The Qurn states: "(He is) nearer to man than his jugular vein" Yet no physical contact is possible. Thus, the angels are celestial message bearers, who serve as intermediaries between the Almighty and His Prophets. The Holy Qurn states: "Praise be to Allh - originator of the heavens and earth, who made the angels, messengers with pairs of two, three, or four wings." Angels are created from light. They are purely spiritual beings, whose nature requires no food, drink nor sleep. They are neither male nor female, nor do they have physical desires of any kind. They have been allocated various duties and are constantly in the service of the Almighty. No one knows the exact number of angels, except the Almighty. However, the four well-known angels are: Jibral - the angel of revelation Mikal - the angel of revelation Israfl - the angel who will blow the trumpet on the day of Judgement. Izral - the angel of death Every individual is attended by two angels who record his activities. They are known as Kirman Katibn, "the noble scribes". The Holy Qurn states: "Indeed over you are guardian (angels) "Noble Scribes". They know (all) that you do."

DIVINE SCRIPTURES A Muslim believes in all the previous Divine scriptures. The Holy Qurn states: ".... (Muslims are those) who believe in revelation sent to thee and before thy time" However most of these scriptures have been either lost, distorted or corrupted. A well known authority on the sources of the bible Dr. J. Patterson Smyth (BD, LLD) writes in his book 'How we got our Bible' : "Now let us remember clearly that as we look into that old record chest of nearly 1 800 years ago, we have before us all the sources from which we get our bible. And remember further that these writings were of course manuscripts i.e. written by the hand, and that copies when needed, had each to be written out, letter by letter, at a great expense of time and trouble, and unfortunately, I must add, very often too at some expense of the original correctness. However careful the scribe might be, it was almost impossible in copying a long and difficult manuscript, to prevent the occurrence of errors. Sometimes he would mistake one letter for another, if having the manuscript read to him, he would confound two words of similar sounds - sometimes after w riting in the last word of a line, on looking up again his eye would catch the same word at the end of the next line, and he would go on from that, omitting the whole line between. Remarks and explanations written in the margin might sometimes get inserted in the text while transcribing. In these and various other ways errors might creep into the copy of his manuscript. These errors would be repeated by the man that afterward copied from this, who would also sometimes add other errors of his own so that it is evident as them." (pages 10 - 11). SOME OF THE KNOWN DIVINE SCRIPTURES ARE: The Taurat, given to Msa (AS) (Moses) The Zabr, given to Dawd (AS) (David) The Injeel, given to sa (AS) (Jesus) The Qurn, given to Muhammad (SAW) THE QURN The Qurn is the speech of Allh, revealed in its precise wording and meaning and protected by Allh, Himself. The Almighty states : "We have sent down the Qurn and We will certainly preserve it. (from corruption)" The Qurn is the last and final scripture of the Almighty, sent to man. THE QURN AND CONTEMPORARY SCRIPTURES The Holy Qurn states: "It is He who has sent down to thee in truth, the book confirming what went before it. And He sent down the Torah and the Injeel before this, as a guide to mankind. And He (ultimately) sent the criterion (of Judgment between right and wrong)" i.e. Qurn. Thus the Qurn is the standard or criterion by which all other books are judged. Aspects of the bible that conform to the Qurnic precepts we accept as Divine truth, while those that go against the criterion we regard as human interpolation.

PROPHETS Prophets are men of great piety chosen by the Almighty to deliver His message to mankind. They were sent at various times of history to various nations. They were all human beings, who were protected from sin and falling prey to their lust. The Holy Qurn states: "We (Muslims) believe in the Almighty and the revelation given to us and to Ibrahim, Is'hq, Yaqb and the tribes .... we make no distinction between any of them". Some of the prophets mentioned in the Qurn are: Adam, Nh (Noah), Lt (Lot), Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma'l (Ishmael), Dawd (David), Msa (Moses), Yunus (Jonah), sa (Jesus) (A.S.) and Muhammed (SAW). Muhammed (May peace be upon him) was the Last Prophet, who is regarded as the 'Seal of Prophethood'. The details of his life are carefully preserved in what is known as "Hadth". The Qurn states: "We did not send you, but as a mercy unto mankind." THE PROPHETHOOD OF SA (JESUS) (A.S.) Muslims do not believe that sa (AS) (Jesus) was the begotten son of the Almighty, nor that he died for the sins of mankind. In fact he is a chosen messenger of the Almighty and he was born miraculously. He was bestowed with super natural powers and was not crucified but physically lifted to the heavens. He will return to this world once again. The Holy Qurn states: Behold the angel said: "O, Maryam - Allh gives you glad tidings of a word from Him, His name will be Masih - sa the son of Maryam, held in honour in this world and the hereafter ..... and Allh will teach him the book of wisdom - the Taurat and the Injl and appoint him messenger to the children of Israel. His message will be: "I have come to you with a sign from the Lord. In that I make for you - out of clay - as if it were the figure of a bird, I breath into it and it becomes a bird, by Allhs permission - and I heal those born blind and the lepers - and I bring the dead to life - by Allhs permission, and I will inform you of what you eat and what you store in your houses - therein is a sign for you - if you believe."

THE LAST DAY This world will ultimately come to an end one day and the dead will rise to stand trial before the Almighty. This world is an abode of trial, some people are tested with wealth, whilst others are tested through poverty. Some have been given health whilst others have been subjected to sickness. Belief in the last day answers many complicated questions. There are people who commit sins and indulge in immoral activities, yet they seem to prosper, while the innocent and meek are sometimes exploited and oppressed. The Holy Qurn states: "Let not the arrogant strutting of the unbelievers through the land deceive you, it is but enjoyment for a little while. Their ultimate abode is hell- what an evil abode!" All deeds of mankind are known to the Almighty and are recorded by His angels. Man will have to answer for his deeds, he will be held accountable and will either be rewarded or punished for his conduct and deeds. Justice and equality are the hallmarks of the hereafter. The Holy Qurn states: "When the great overwhelming (event) comes to pass, man shall remember (all) that he strove for and hell-fire shall be placed in full view, for him who sees - then for such as had transgressed all bounds and had preferred the life of this world, the abode will be the fire of hell and for such as had entertained the fear of standing before the Lord, and had restrained their souls from lower desires, their abode will be the Garden of Bliss."

DESTINY The power of good and bad lies in the domain of Allh. Man is exhorted to think, plan and make sound decisions. If after striving he does not succeed, he should not loose faith and become despondent, nor should he become arrogant and haughty if he succeeds and attribute success to his acumen and intelligence. The Holy Qurn states: "No misfortune happens on earth or in your souls, but is recorded in a book (long) before We bring it into existence. That is truly easy for Allh. In order that you may not despair over matters that miss you, nor become arrogant over favours bestowed upon you. For Allh loveth not the vain-glorious." The Holy Prophet (SAW) said: "Know that, that which afflicted you was never meant to miss you and that which missed you was never meant for you." Belief in destiny, implies that whatever happens (be it good or bad) takes place with the command, will and wisdom of the Almighty. LIFE AFTER DEATH Death is merely a doorway to a perpetual life. After the last day, wherein the existence and system of the universe will be brought to an end, the earth, moon, stars etc., will be crushed and reduced to atoms. Mankind will be resurrected and will be asked to give an account of their deeds. Those who believed and did righteous deeds would be blessed with a perpetual life (i.e. paradise), whilst those who rejected the truth and lived wicked lives will be cast into the fire of hell, therein they shall dwell perpetually. The Qurn states: "Those who reject the truth among the people of the Book and among the polytheist will be in the fire of hell to dwell therein forever. They are the worst of creatures. Those who have faith and do righteous deeds, they are the best of creatures - their reward is with Allh - gardens of eternity beneath which rivers flow. They will dwell therein forever."